Auburn is a city located in the eastern part of Alabama, the United States. It's a university town at Auburn University. The population is 53,380 (Population census of 2010). The urban area centered on Auburn and the two cities of Opelaika, the County Office adjacent to the Auperika in the northeast, consists of only one county in Lee County, and has a population of 140,247 people (the 2010 census). More broadly speaking, Auburn is included in the metropolitan area of Columbus, the third largest city in Georgia, located about 60km southeast east, and the population is 469,327 (2010 census).
City of Auburn
central part of Auburn
|Slogan: "The Loveliest Village On The Plains"|
Right: the position of Lee County in Alabama
Left: the city of Auburn in Lee County
|City||102.6 km2 (39.6 mi2)|
|land||101.3 km2 (39.1 mi2)|
|water surface||1.0 km2 (0.4 mi2)|
|Elevation||216 m (709 ft)|
|population||(as of 2010)|
|population density||526.9 people/km2 (1,365.2 people/mi2)|
|equal time||Central Standard Time (UTC-6)|
|daylight saving time||Central Daylight Time (UTC-5)|
|Official website: http://www.auburnalabama.org/|
In this area of eastern Alabama, where the overversion is today, Native American creeks lived before the settlement of Europeans. In 1832, this place was ceded from the Creeks to the United States by the Casseta Convention. Four years later, in 1836, the Second Creek War expelled the Creek people who remained in this area under the order of the then President Andrew Jackson, and John J. Harper, a Methodist, founded a town there. Before long, the town was officially incorporated in 1839 with the approval of the Alabama State Council.
The Auburn developed as a center of education from its early stage. In 1840, the Auburn Women's University (the present Auburn High School) was established by reorganizing the already established Methodist School. In 1856, East Alabama University, the predecessor of Auburn University, was established as a private liberal arts college of Methodist-line. However, when the Civil War started, these universities were closed, and they were transferred to Nosen Hospital.
Even after the Civil War ended, it took time for the war's overversion of the local economy to finance the university's resumption. The school buildings of Auburn Women's University were leased for business for a while after the end of the war, and they changed their owners, including chair factories. As the regional economy improved, Auburn citizens purchased the school building again, established the school district, and revived Auburn Women's University as a coed high school.
Meanwhile, the East Alabama University of Men was reestablished shortly after the end of the war, but it was hard to get the students and was suffering from financial difficulties. In 1872, when the Methodist Church gave up the East Alabama University of Boys, the school was reestablished as a state university in Landgrad by applying the Moril Law of the Union, and renamed Alabama A&M University. Later in 1892, Alabama A&M University accepted female students for the first time, and was transformed into a coeducational school.
It was the university that supported regional economic growth in Auburn from the late 19th century to the 20th century. When the Great Depression occurred in 1929, the local economy of Auburn became stagnant due to the high degree of dependence on the university, but the city recovered with the New Deal policy. After World War II, students and faculty members increased rapidly and the population of the city increased greatly. In the 1990s, the manufacturing industry developed in Auburn and established its position as the other key in the local economy. In 2008, the government of Alabama, the government of Auburn City, and the University of Auburn jointly opened the Auburn Research Park in order to work together as a center for the high-tech industry.
50 seconds west longitude. It is located about 45km west of the border with Georgia (the Chattafuchi River), about 85km east of the capital Montgomery, and about 170km southwest of Atlanta. The Orperaka, the county office of Lee County, is adjacent to the northeastern part of the city.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Auburn City has a total area of 102.6km² (39.6mi²). 101.3km² (39.1mi²) is land and 1.0km² (0.4mi²) is water. The area accounts for 1.11% of the total area. The city area is located in a hilly area just north of the Taki Line on the Piedmont Plateau, and although its altitude varies greatly from place to place, the location of the city hall is 216m.
The Auburn climate is characterized by early spring, hot summer, warm and comfortable autumn and winter. The hottest July average temperature is 28°C, the highest average is 32°C, and most days during the day exceed 30°C. The coldest January average temperature is 8°C, the average minimum temperature is 3°C, and the minimum temperature sometimes drops below freezing. Although the amount of rainfall is slightly higher in the early spring and slightly smaller in the autumn, the amount of rainfall is approximately average throughout the year, and the amount of rainfall per month is approximately 90-130mm. Annual rainfall is about 1,340mm. Snow in winter is very rare. In the climate division of Keppen, Auburn belongs to the warm wet climate (Cfa) which is widely distributed on the east coast and south of the United States.
|Mean Temperature (°C)||8.9||10.0||13.3||17.8||21.7||25.6||26.7||26.1||24.4||18.9||12.8||9.4||18.3|
On Auburn University has a 1,841 acre (7,449,000m²) campus just south-west of the city center. As mentioned above, the school was founded in 1856 as a private liberal arts college of the Methodist School called Higashi Alabama University of Boys, and in 1872, it applied the Moril Act to become Grand University, and in 1960, it was renamed as the present University of Auburn and transferred to University of Integrated Studies. It has about 20,000 undergraduate and about 5,000 graduate students, and it has 12 faculties, including agriculture, architecture and design, business administration, pedagogy, engineering, forest and wildlife science, human science, liberal arts, nursing, pharmacy, science and veterinary medicine, and it has 140 major programs. The university is rated within 100th place in the United States in the ranking of US News & World Report universities.
The school also has a partnership with the Faculty of Economics of Japan University, and it offers a 10-month student program combining English intensive courses and economics and management classes, and accepts foreign students.
The K-12 course in Auburn is supported mainly by public schools under the jurisdiction of Auburn City. The school district consists of eight elementary schools (kindergarten, first to second grade: Fourth grade, third grade and fifth grade: It has one junior high school (sixth to seventh), one junior high school (eighth to ninth), and one high school (ninth to twelfth).
Auburn is a city manager. The City Manager is the head of the City Government's administrative work, and has the authority and responsibility to: (1) enforcement of laws and regulations, (2) supervision and management of the City Government officials, (3) reporting on the financial status and drafting of the budget to the City Council, (5) proposing measures that the City Manager considers desirable, (6) reporting matters concerning the City Manager himself to the City Council, (7) reporting matters concerning the City Manager himself to the City Council, and (7) the responsibilities determined by the Ordinance or the City Council.
The City Council is a city legislative body that has power to enact city ordinances, to adopt policies, to appoint and dismiss city managers, and to establish new administrative organs and to transfer operations. The mayor is not responsible for the administrative work, and besides serving as the head of the city council, he only plays a role as the head of the city government for ceremonial purposes. The eight members of the City Council are selected one by one from the eight single-seat districts. The mayor is elected from all the cities apart from the city councilors. Both the mayor and the city councilor have a term of four years.
The University of Auburn also affects the local economy of the city. The school employs about 4,700 teachers (of which about 1,200 teachers), which is about one-fourth of the number of overturned workers. In addition, the Auburn Research Park, which opened in 2008 with the State Government and the City Government, has played a role in helping to develop the local high-tech industry by taking advantage of the academic results. For example, the MRI Research Center of Auburn University in the park, which was established with Siemens in 2010, has two scanners, 3T and 7T, which are operated under the contract with the East Alabama Medical Center, and is used for research on the Faculty of Engineering, the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, the Faculty of Psychology, the Division of Biology, the Major of Physical Sciences and the Major of Physical Kinematics, as well as the private Over-Spine and Neurosurgery Center of Science. The park also has a business incubator, and serves as a way to promote the development of the local economy by utilizing research from Auburn University professors and students to promote the use of local entrepreneurs to make business.
About 4 km east of the center of the overboard is the Auburn University regional airport (IATA: AUO). However, the airport is called General Aviation, and is used exclusively for private and chartered aircraft, and is used for training in the University of Auburn's Department of Aeronautics, but regular passenger service is not available. A commercial airport near Auburn is about 60km east of the city center and Columbus Airport about IATA: CSG), Montgomery Regional Airport (IATA: MGM). However, these airports are small in scale for the size of the cities Columbus and Montgomery, and the former only operates from Atlanta by Delta Air (Delta Connection), while the latter operates only from Dallas Fort Worth of American Airlines (American Eagle) and Charlotte Cruise of US Airways in addition to Atlanta by Delta Connection. Delta Air Lines Ltd., the largest hub airport with larger and larger numbers of flights, is currently operating at Hartfield Jackson Atlanta International Airport, a number of non-stop flights from all over the country, including its IATA: ATL) was given to the central Auburn. It takes approximately 160km northeast from the center of the Auburn and approximately 1 hour and 40 minutes by car.
The interstate expressway, I-85, runs southeast to northeast and southwest through the city center. I-85 is a trunk that runs through the Piedmont plateau, heading northeast towards Atlanta and Charlotte, and southwest towards Montgomery.
The Greyhound bus does not stop at the over-turn, and the nearest bus terminal/bus depot is in Orperaka. Buses from Alabama local bus, which connects Columbus and Birmingham, and buses from Atlanta arrive at and depart from Bus Depot in Operatic Island.
There is no public route bus network in the city, and public transportation is limited to the Parattransit operated by Lee Russell Public Transport Co., Ltd. Aside from this, Auburn University runs its own bus network called Tiger Transit for students and teachers.
Auburn University is also the cultural center of Auburn. There are museums, museums, and theaters on the campus, which are part of the study and education of the university, and are returned to the area by exhibition and performance. For Auburn, who doesn't have any professional sports, the Tigers of the same school have a high degree of importance.
The Jules Collins Smith Art Museum is located to the south of the campus of Auburn University. The museum houses more than 1,500 works of various genres including drawing, painting, woodblock prints, photographs, and sculptures. The rotunda of the museum is illuminated by a glass chandelier named "Chandelier of amber sauce" by Dale Chihuly, which also functions as an exhibition. Typical permanent exhibits of the museum include European works ranging from the late 19th century to the mid 20th century, such as Salvador Dali, Marc Chagall, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Pablo Picasso, and Henri Matis, and sculptures of bronze from 14th century to later Tibet. The museum also houses and exhibits John James Audubon's natural paintings, Northern Ireland's porcelain, and avant-garde art of the United States.
The University of Science's Museum of Natural History is located in the eastern part of the campus, within the Center for Biological Diversity, which was completed in April 2013. The museum aims to study biodiversity, preserve and document biodiversity throughout the region and the globe, and educate natural history on Auburn University and Alabama citizens. The animals and plants collected in the museum and studied and exhibited are as many as 20,000 aquatic invertebrates, 450,000 fish, 40,000 amphibians and reptiles, 2,000 birds, 1,500 mammals and 57,000 plants including fungi.
Just south of the center of the campus, just north of the central area of the dormitory, is the Telfair Pete Theater of the liberal arts department. The theater is the home of a mosaic troupe made up of students from Auburn University, where the company performs. The members of the theater group are selected by audition from students of all departments, not just from the theater department.
The Auburn Tigers belong to the South Eastern Conference (SEC), which belongs to NCAA's division I (football is FBS/former I-A), and are competing in seven boys' and 10 girls' events. The conference is known as the fiercest district in football, and football is especially important for the Tigers. The Tigers' football team is based in Jordan Hair Stadium, which has 87,491 seats, and the home game will attract more spectators than the city's total population. The Crimson Tide of the University of Alabama, another powerful force in the state, has established a rival relationship called the Iron Bowl. In 2010, the Tigers won the U.S. National Championship for the second time in 53 years since 1957, the first time ever for a unified champion.
Refer to Columbus (Georgia)#Metropolitan area population for the population of the entire Columbus Auperika metropolitan area.
Below is a graph and table showing the changes in the population of the Auburn City from 1870 to 2010.
- ^ a b c d Casey, Evelyn D. Auburn. Encyclopedia of Alabama. November 25, 2013.
- ^ a b c American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau. February 4, 2011.
- ^ a b History of Auburn High School. Auburn High School.
- ^ a b c History of Auburn University. Auburn University.
- ^ a b Auburn Research Park: Home. Auburn Research and Technology Foundation.
- ^ a b Historical weather for Auburn, Alabama, United States of America. Weatherbase.com.
- ^ a b c Quick Facts. Auburn University.
- ^ Best Colleges 2014: National University Rankings. p.4. U.S. News & World Report. 2013
It ranked ninety-first in the 2014 edition (published in 2013).
- ^ Annual Student Program at Auburn University in Alabama. the Faculty of Economics, Japan University
- ^ Schools. Auburn City Schools.
- ^ "Qualifications of city manager; duties; designation or appointment of administrative officer to perform duties of manager during temporary absence or disability; appointment of officers and employees". Sec.2-52. Code of Ordinances. City of Auburn. 1984
- ^ "Powers of council". Sec.2-24. Code of Ordinances.
- ^ "Duties of mayor; vacancy in office of mayor to be filled by mayor pro tem; vacancies on council". Sec.2-23. Code of Ordinances.
- ^ "Designation of offices by name". Sec.8-2. Code of Ordinances.
- ^ "Municipal elections". Sec.8-3. Code of Ordinances.
- ^ MRI Research Center. Auburn Research and Technology Foundation.
- ^ Auburn Business Incubator. Auburn Research and Technology Foundation.
- ^ Columbus. (Form 5010) Airport Master Record. Federal Aviation Administration. December 12, 2013
- ^ Professional Flight Management: About. Auburn University.
- ^ Airlines at CSG, Daily Arrivals and Departures. Columbus Airport.
- ^ Flight Information. Montgomery Regional Airport.
- ^ Opelika, AL. Greyhound.
- ^ Lee-Russell Public Transit (LRPT).Lee-Russell Council of Governments.
- ^ Home. Tiger Transit, Auburn University.
- ^ Collections. Jule Collins Smith Museum of Fine Art, Auburn University.
- ^ a b Collection Highlights. Jule Collins Smith Museum of Fine Art, Auburn University.
- ^ The Louise Hauss and David Brent Miller Audubon Collection. Jule Collins Smith Museum of Fine Art, Auburn University.
- ^ The Helen and Dwight Carlisle Collection of Irish Belleek Porcelain. Jule Collins Smith Museum of Fine Art, Auburn University.
- ^ Advancing American Art. Jule Collins Smith Museum of Fine Art, Auburn University.
- ^ Birchfield, Candis. The College of Sciences and Mathematics opens Biodiversity Learning Center. College of Sciences and Mathematics, Auburn University. April 26, 2013.
- ^ Auburn University Natural History Museum. College of Sciences and Mathematics, Auburn University.
- ^ Aquatic Invertebrates. Auburn University Museum of Natural History.
- ^ Fishes. Auburn University Museum of Natural History.
- ^ Amphibians and Reptiles. Auburn University Museum of Natural History.
- ^ Birds. Auburn University Museum of Natural History.
- ^ Mammals. Auburn University Museum of Natural History.
- ^ Plants. Auburn University Museum of Natural History.
- ^ Mosaic Theatre Company. Department of Theatre, College of Liberal Arts, Auburn University.
- ^ Jordan-Hare Stadium. Auburn University.
- ^ Klein, Gary. Auburn defeats Oregon, 22-19, to win BCS national championship game. Los Angeles Times. January 10, 2011.
- ^ The first title in 1957 was AP-only victory, and the Ohio State University (AP2) won the coach vote.
- ^ Census of Population and Housing: 1790-2010. U.S. Census Bureau.
- City of Auburn, AL - City Official Site
- Auburn Chamber of Commerce
- Auburn University
- Auburn Research Park
- Jule Collins Smith Museum of Fine Art
- Auburn University Museum of Natural History
- Auburn Tigers
- Auburn City Schools
- Auburn, Alabama - City-Data.com
- Auburn, AL - Yahoo!Map Map